READING

The Small Screen

In the 1920s, people were keen to (1)_______ about new ideas and inventions, but perhaps the most popular and amazing idea of that decade was television. The first public demonstration of the television took(2)____ on January 13th , 1928. on this day, the first television programme was broadcast in the home of Ernst Alexanderson in New York, USA. The world’s first television(3)_____ saw a large machine with a tiny screen which wasn’t black or white but pink. They saw a picture of a man (4) ______ looked like he had been made using the x keys on a typewriter.
The image was not very clear and moved (5)_____ side to side slightly. Magazines and newspapers(6) ______ this event with great excitement. People were amazed. Science fiction had suddenly(7) ______ reality. Television was here and life would (8)______ be the same again. On May 10th, 1928, the first regular television programme was broadcast. This programme was a news report which was shown twice a day, three times a week. In those days, there were only a(9) _____ homes
with television sets, but it would not be long before TV would take over the world.(10)_____ days, millions of homes ll over the planet have TV sets showing thousands of programmes on hundreds of channels. Television is a part of our lives, and it is here to stay.

1. A teach B find C learn D study
2. A place B off C up D part
3. A audience B crowd C spectators D listeners
4. A who B which C what D whom
5. A from B over C through D across
6. A wrote B told C reported D explained
7. A been B made C come D become
8. A always B sometimes C rarely D never
9. A few B many C little D number
10. A These B This C That D Those

CAAAA CDDAA

Một chú ý :

——- learn ——-

1 [I or T] to get knowledge or skill in a new subject or activity:
They learn Russian at school.
“Can you drive?” “I’m learning.”
I’ve learned a lot about computers since I started work here.
[+ to infinitive] I’m learning to play the piano.
[+ question word + to infinitive] First you’ll learn (how) to use this machine.

2 [T] to make yourself remember a piece of writing by reading it or repeating it many times:
I don’t know how actors manage to learn all those lines.
We were told to learn Portia’s speech by heart (= be able to say it from memory) for homework.

3 [I or T] to start to understand that you must change the way you behave:
She’ll have to learn that she can’t have everything she wants.
She soon learnt not to contradict him.
He’s not afraid to learn from his mistakes.

4 [I or T] to be told facts or information that you did not know:
We were all shocked to learn of his death.
[+ (that)] I later learnt (that) the message had never arrived.
I only learnt about the accident later.

——- study——-

verb [I or T]
to learn about a subject, especially in an educational course or by reading books:
to study biology/chemistry
Next term we shall study plants and how they grow.
She’s been studying for her doctorate for three years already.

=> learn là học tập, lĩnh hội kiến thức có thêm hiểu biết có thể từ học tập hay kinh nghiệm, đời sống,…hay thu thập kiến thức, tin tức, biết về cái gì đó. study là học tập một môn học nào đó, hay nghiên cứu, theo học có trường lớp, học qua sách vở, dc giảng dạy,…

POLLUTION

There are various types of pollution in the world. The most (1) ___one is air pollution. It is caused mostly by factories which exude smoke. This smoke pollutes the atmosphere (2) ____ dust and cinder which can cause various types of diseases like lung cancer, heart failure and sinus infection (3)___ inhaled. Carbon monoxide from exhaust (4) ___ of vehicles is also very dangerous and can cause instant death when inhaled in (5) ____ amount.
1. A. widespread b. extensive c. expanding d. intensive
2. A. through b. in c. by d. with
3. A. after b. when c. once d. upon
4. A. tubes b. tracts c. pipes d. sprayer

5. Tremendous b. unlimited c. exceeding d. excessive

Water pollution is the pollution that occurs in rivers, seas, oceans, lakes and other waterways. Water pollution in normally caused by the (6) _____ of waste like garbage and faeces. The marine life in these waters will be affected. Some sea creatures perish while others (7) ____ the toxic extracts of the poisonous waste in their fat glands. When human beings eat these creatures, they will (8) ____ fall ill or die. In japan alone, every year, thousands of people suffer (9) ____strange diseases due to mercury poisoning. Others either lose their mental (10) ____ or meet their deaths.
6. A. throwing b. pouring c. dumping d. discarding
7. Stock b. store c. hold d. contain
8. Either b. both c. equally d. constantly
9. A. by b. from c. through d. with
10. A. aptitude b. competence c. ability d. capacity

KEY

There are various types of pollution in the world. The most (1) ___one is air pollution. It is caused mostly by factories which exude smoke. This smoke pollutes the atmosphere (2) ____ dust and cinder which can cause various types of diseases like lung cancer, heart failure and sinus infection (3)___ inhaled. Carbon monoxide from exhaust (4) ___ of vehicles is also very dangerous and can cause instant death when inhaled in (5) ____ amount.
1. A. widespread b. extensive c. expanding d. intensive
2. A. through b. in c. by d. with
3. A. after b. when c. once d. upon
4. A. tubes b. tracts c. pipes d. sprayer

5. Tremendous b. unlimited c. exceeding d. excessive

Water pollution is the pollution that occurs in rivers, seas, oceans, lakes and other waterways. Water pollution in normally caused by the (6) _____ of waste like garbage and faeces. The marine life in these waters will be affected. Some sea creatures perish while others (7) ____ the toxic extracts of the poisonous waste in their fat glands. When human beings eat these creatures, they will (8) ____ fall ill or die. In japan alone, every year, thousands of people suffer (9) ____strange diseases due to mercury poisoning. Others either lose their mental (10) ____ or meet their deaths.
6. A. throwing b. pouring c. dumping d. discarding
7. Stock b. store c. hold d. contain
8. Either b. both c. equally d. constantly
9. A. by b. from c. through d. with
10. A. aptitude b. competence c. ability d. capacity

HOLLYWOOD
To many people, the word Hollywood has two (1) ___ . Hollywood is an are in Los Angeles. Hollywood is also the American movie industry.
1.A. meanings b. senses c. significance d. aspects
Hollywood was just farmland at the beginning of this century. (2)____ American movies were made in other places; for example, in New York and Chicago.
2.A. initial b. primary c. early d. primitive
In 1917 a director was making a movie in Chicago. (3) ____ cold weather, he couldn’t finish the movie. He took a trip to southern California, and there he found just the weather and (4) ____ he needed to finish his movie. The director realized that southern California was the perfect place for making movies. The next year his company built a movie studio in Hollywood. Other companies followed. Before (5) ___ nearly all important American movie studios were in Hollywood, Los Angeles.
3.A. thanks to b. because of c. according to d. except for
4.A. Spectacles b. scenario c. sights d. scenery
5.A. long b. time c. others d. instance

The (6) ____ thirty years were Hollywood’s greatest years. Thousands of movies were made, most by a few large and powerful studios. Director, actors, and writers worked for these studios. They made some movies that today are (7) ___ great art.
6.A. Subsequent b. following c. next d. after
7.A. assumed b. reckoned c. regarded d. considered

Hollywood, the are in Los Angeles, also (8) ___ its high point in these years. Many famous and glamorous movie stars, like Bette Davis and Clark Gable, lived in Hollywood.
8.A. attained b. reached c. achieved d. gained
today, Hollywood is not (9) ___ it was. More movies are made outside of Hollywood. Many studios have moved. The movie stars have also to areas like Beverly Hills and Malibu.
9.A. what b. everything c. anymore d. the thing
But visitors to Hollywood today can go to the famous Chinese Theater and see the (10) _____ and autographs of movie stars. They can go down the Walk of Fame, on Hollywood Boulervard, and see the golden stars in the side walk.
10. A. foot-traces b. footmarks c. footprints d. foot signs

KEY

HOLLYWOOD
To many people, the word Hollywood has two (1) ___ . Hollywood is an are in Los Angeles. Hollywood is also the American movie industry.
1.A. meanings b. senses c. significance d. aspects
Hollywood was just farmland at the beginning of this century. (2)____ American movies were made in other places; for example, in New York and Chicago.
2.A. initial b. primary c. early d. primitive
In 1917 a director was making a movie in Chicago. (3) ____ cold weather, he couldn’t finish the movie. He took a trip to southern California, and there he found just the weather and (4) ____ he needed to finish his movie. The director realized that southern California was the perfect place for making movies. The next year his company built a movie studio in Hollywood. Other companies followed. Before (5) ___ nearly all important American movie studios were in Hollywood, Los Angeles.
3.A. thanks to b. because of c. according to d. except for
4.A. Spectacles b. scenario c. sights d. scenery
5.A. long b. time c. others d. instance

The (6) ____ thirty years were Hollywood’s greatest years. Thousands of movies were made, most by a few large and powerful studios. Director, actors, and writers worked for these studios. They made some movies that today are (7) ___ great art.
6.A. Subsequent b. following c. next d. after
7.A. assumed b. reckoned c. regarded d. considered

Hollywood, the are in Los Angeles, also (8) ___ its high point in these years. Many famous and glamorous movie stars, like Bette Davis and Clark Gable, lived in Hollywood.
8.A. attained b. reached c. achieved d. gained
today, Hollywood is not (9) ___ it was. More movies are made outside of Hollywood. Many studios have moved. The movie stars have also to areas like Beverly Hills and Malibu.
9.A. what b. everything c. anymore d. the thing
But visitors to Hollywood today can go to the famous Chinese Theater and see the (10) _____ and autographs of movie stars. They can go down the Walk of Fame, on Hollywood Boulervard, and see the golden stars in the side walk.
10. A. foot-traces b. footmarks c. footprints d. foot signs

GOLD MINE IN SCOTLAND
If you were interested in becoming a gold miner, you would probably not think of going to Scotland to begin your (1) ___. But there was a gold rush in Scotland a hundred years ago, even though it only (2) ____ for a short time. The strangest thing about this gold rush was that the man who started it, a Mr. Gilchrist, had just come back from Australia after spending many years looking for gold without success. One day, while he was standing on a bridge near his home, he noticed that stream was shining (3) ___. He must have been surprised to realize that the gold the had been looking for for (4) ___ long time was on his doorstep, so to speak. He set to work immediately but he soon told his neighbours about his good (5) ___ and hundreds of men arrived at the village, hoping to (6) ___ their fortunes, too. After a year or so, the gold had gone and (7) ____ had the men but expeditions have been (8) ___ from time to time since then to see where the gold comes from. So far no one has been able to find the (9) ____ and interest has died down because of the greater attractions of the “black gold” off the Scottish coast, the oil discovered in the North Sea which is likely to (10) ____ Scotland with great weath.

1. A. job B. trade C. career D. profession
2. A. existed B. took place C. prolonged D. lasted
3. A. brightly B. brilliantly C. glaringly D. blindingly
4. A. So B. such a C. a Such D. a so

5. A. luckiness B. chance C. opportunity D. luck
6. A. make B. create C. do D. achieve
7. A. either B. too C. so D. also
8. A. formed B. made C. shaped D. created
9. A. origin B. source C. root D. point
10. A. devote B. offer C. supply D. provide

GOLD MINE IN SCOTLAND
If you were interested in becoming a gold miner, you would probably not think of going to Scotland to begin your (1) ___. But there was a gold rush in Scotland a hundred years ago, even though it only (2) ____ for a short time. The strangest thing about this gold rush was that the man who started it, a Mr. Gilchrist, had just come back from Australia after spending many years looking for gold without success. One day, while he was standing on a bridge near his home, he noticed that stream was shining (3) ___. He must have been surprised to realize that the gold the had been looking for for (4) ___ long time was on his doorstep, so to speak. He set to work immediately but he soon told his neighbours about his good (5) ___ and hundreds of men arrived at the village, hoping to (6) ___ their fortunes, too. After a year or so, the gold had gone and (7) ____ had the men but expeditions have been (8) ___ from time to time since then to see where the gold comes from. So far no one has been able to find the (9) ____ and interest has died down because of the greater attractions of the “black gold” off the Scottish coast, the oil discovered in the North Sea which is likely to (10) ____ Scotland with great weath.

1. A. job B. trade C. career D. profession
2. A. existed B. took place C. prolonged D. lasted
3. A. brightly B. brilliantly C. glaringly D. blindingly
4. A. So B. such a C. a Such D. a so

5. A. luckiness B. chance C. opportunity D. luck
6. A. make B. create C. do D. achieve
7. A. either B. too C. so D. also
8. A. formed B. made C. shaped D. created
9. A. origin B. source C. root D. point
10. A. devote B. offer C. supply D. provide

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